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Dogs can sniff out prostate cancer, study suggests
Tuesday April 14th 2015
Dogs may be able to sniff out prostate cancer in men, according to research in which one pooch was accurate 98% of the time.
Buckinghamshire charity Medical Detection Dogs hailed the results as "spectacular" and called for more support for the "tested, time-old technique".
Tests carried out in Italy showed that dogs correctly detected the disease in almost all cases after smelling men's urine.
The study, published in the Journal of Urology, involved two German shepherds sniffing the urine of 900 men, 360 of whom had prostate cancer.
Scientists from the Department of Urology at the Humanitas Clinical and Research Centre in Milan found that one of the dogs was successful in identifying cancer in 98.7% of cases, while the other got it right in 97.6% of cases.
Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer among men in the UK, and more than 40,000 cases are diagnosed every year. Currently there is no single test for the disease, with patients usually diagnosed through blood tests, a physical examination or a biopsy.
Copyright Press Association 2015